SlamDunk! Studios

"creative and analytical writing"

Home

The Cinema of Attractions (film essay)

Posted on June 30, 2013 at 7:55 AM

During the early stages of film production, audiences demonstrated a fascination with moving pictures, now referred to as the “cinema of attractions”. This period emphasised visual spectacle and unique imagery, over narrative structure (Gunning). The first film-makers were more aware of their audience, and were creating images of fantasy and exoticism, specifically for them to see. After 1910, however, film theorists observed a decisive shift towards theatrical storytelling. Film-makers began to emulate the more established narrative modes of theatre and literature. Tom Gunning expressed frustration over this transition, viewing it as a retreat towards safe, conventional forms of entertainment, and away from cinema’s artistic potential.


The primary difference between the cinema of attraction and narrative cinema is their relationship to the audience. Modern film-makers work towards the creation of a story, with a realistic setting (even in the context of fantasy and science fiction). The screen is a window, through which we can experience this world, but the characters in it are unaware of us, and our gaze is voyeuristic and unrequited (Smith). Early film-makers, however, directly interact with the viewer, and their images are meant to stimulate us on a purely exhibitionist level. In the cinema of attraction, the visuals are the subject of curiosity, and even if there is a story, its importance is ancillary, and serves only to generate further aesthetic stimuli for the audience. For narrative films, the opposite is true. Certainly a contemporary film can produce spectacular images, but the immediate reality of the script must always take precedence. A character in a narrative film (with the possible exception of satire) will never address the audience, or break the “realistic illusion” that the movie screen provides (Strauven).


Conversely, characters in the cinema of attraction, often acknowledge the audience, thereby breaking the fourth wall. This instils in us the notion that, what we are watching, is also watching us, that these moving pictures are in an active dialogue with us, and that we are not passive, but active observers (Gunning). Gunning described this kind of cinema as a fictional world willing to rupture itself in the solicitation of attention. The spectacle of these films is shared by the characters and the audience. The screen is not a window, but a doorway. Films during this period had “the ability to produce exhibitionist confrontation rather than diegetic absorption” (Strauven). To Gunning’s annoyance, however, film-makers after 1910 began to move away from this style of cinema, instead working on narrative-driven features which he regarded as mere imitations of theatre (Gunning).


The cinema of attraction presented several types of spectacle to illicit audience attention. Perhaps the most prevalent images were of the fantastical, the exotic, and the erotic. The latter two are fairly self-explanatory, and continue to exist in the form of documentary and pornography. Exotic films allowed people to view foreign animals and cultures, and experience worlds that they would otherwise never be aware of (Strauven). They were able to transport the poor and working class into a state of wonder and excitement. Erotic films were slightly less ambitious, and sought to illicit arousal, and possibly laughter from audience members. Nevertheless, it was a popular attraction for people in the early twentieth century, and as stated, continues to exist today, especially online. Modern documentaries and pornography are pure exhibitionism, and labour under the aesthetic power of their subjects, rather than any pre-constructed narrative (Rizzo).


Fantasy spectacle faded quickly after the 1910s. Film-makers like Georges Melies and Edwin Porter have been studied primarily for their contributions to cinema as a storytelling medium. However, they were far more fascinated with the visual power of film (Gunning). Melies’ 1902 feature A Trip to the Moon depicts the first imagery of man’s flight into outer space. Yet there is no scientific process to the film; rather it is pure mysticism. The rocket is built by men dressed as wizards, and the moon is depicted as a living human face. While Melies’ brilliant set design might have been achieved on a theatre stage, his use of editing is something uniquely cinematic, and would have left audience members in a state of delight and awe. With the proliferation and dissection of the movie industry in the proceeding century, one wonders whether movies could ever again inspire such amazement. Gunning explains that the cinema of attraction has not so much been extinguished by narrative, but has instead gone underground. It occasionally presents itself as a component of narrative film. For example in musical films, such as The Wizard of Oz or The Sound of Music, the narrative reality will suddenly halt, and characters will burst into sporadic song and dance, for the direct involvement and enjoyment of the audience. Furthermore, avant-garde film-makers, like David Lynch have continued to utilize imagery over plot (Smith).


YouTube has been described as the new “cinema of attractions”. Like early cinema, online videos are created to illicit a reaction from the viewer, whether it be shock, surprise, laughter, or excitement (Rizzo). As online videos are so short (usually five to ten minutes), they are rarely narrative-driven, and instead focus on provocative imagery, designed to engage the viewer. People are expected to comment on YouTube videos, and engage with the poster or other viewers. Another connection to the cinema of attractions is the way people discover popular videos through links, emails, and friend recommendations. It is a sort of communal process that compares with the advertising techniques of vaudeville and sideshows, and contrasts the rigidly corporate advertising of narrative cinema. YouTube, and other online media networks, may represent a return to the style and atmosphere of spectacle over narrative.


Finally, video games might also be described as a medium that emphasises spectacle over narrative. Like the cinema of attractions, it engages directly with its audience, and focuses on imagery designed to excite, threaten and bamboozle them. The dialogue between game and player may be even more intense than film, since the player’s virtual self resides inside the screen, and is therefore experiencing the joys and dangers of the imaginary world in real time (Gurevitch). The player is able to change and interact with the fantasy world, but is in turn altered by it. Ironically, video games are undergoing their own crisis of identity, which echoes early cinema. Game designers are increasingly emulating the narrative style of Hollywood films, employing cinematic cut-scenes, and using celebrity voice actors, to appeal to a wider demographic. Little by little control is being taken away from the player, and reconstituted into a more linear narrative trajectory. Perhaps each new medium faces a period where it has to choose between emulating the conventions of older art forms, or developing its own, unique style.



Categories: ESSAYS, Cinema

Post a Comment

Oops!

Oops, you forgot something.

Oops!

The words you entered did not match the given text. Please try again.

Already a member? Sign In

37 Comments

Reply RonaldFlade
2:13 AM on January 16, 2022 
??????? ????? https://traxa.club/ ??????? ??????? ??????

???????? ???????? ?????? ??? https://traxa.club/categories/%D0%91%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B
8%D0%B5+%D0%94%D0%BE%D0%B9%D0%BA%D0%B8/

url=https://www.yokentheam.com/blogs/yoke-theam/dianne-tahir-ytw
alkoflife?comment=124787818582#comments says...

????? ??????? ?????????????

url=https://4c1.biz/blog/2018/06/12/hello-world/#comment-2243 says...
??????? ????? ?????? ???

url=https://www.pasayten.com/myocec/bb/viewtopic.php?t=114405 says...
????? ????? ?????? ? hd ????????

url=http://tretinoin.webpin.com/?gb=1#top says...
????? ??????? ??????? ????

url=http://forlux-atyrau.kz/blog/avtomasla-v-atyrau-rolf-rolf-si
ntec-sintek-devon-kuttenkeulerkutenkuler-#comment_2466 says...

????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????

url=https://detuoi.com/mon-de-tai-chanh-ngon-chuan-vi-ninh-binh/
#comment-1945 says...

??????? ???????? ????? ?????????????

url=https://www.radiant-ro.com/wiki/index.php/User:JacquesSterre
tt says...

??????? ????? ???????? ????

url=https://katecheofinances.com/2021/03/26/hello-world/#comment-481 says...
????? ???????? ???? ???

url=https://i-goa.ru/transport-na-goa/zheleznodorozhnoe-soobshen
ie.html says...

???????? ????? ??????????????????

url=https://njcrid.org/2021/03/meet-the-njcrid-board-getting-to-
know-karen/#comment-1686 says...

???????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????

9ccca71
Reply Richardunsor
1:47 AM on January 15, 2022 
????? ?????? ???????? ????? https://ollporn.club/ ???????? ????? ??????

??????? ????? ??????? ??? https://ollporn.club/categories/%D0%A1%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BC%D0
%B0/

url=https://professionalprograms.umbc.edu/industrial-organizatio
nal-psychology/?tfa_next=%2Fforms%2Fview%2F83%2F82ac6ac7deea484e9
e78f90beae278a1%2F17588%26sid%3D8df18e71392516bb805b0a164d2fbda1 says...

????? ???????? ???? ?????

url=http://www.sonyericsson-world.com/topic/2060-zostan-dawca/pa
ge__gopid__48236#entry48236 says...

????? ????? ???????

url=http://novasatus.com/2017/10/16/hello-world/#comment-105712 says...
?????? ????

url=https://beautyunit.nl/126-2/#comment-23869 says...
???? ?? ?????

url=https://bob.boke.run/83.html#comment-7132 says...
???? ? ??????? ???????

url=https://embracephotography.ca/account/login?checkout_url=htt
ps%3A%2F%2Fembracephotography.ca%2F55286694087%2Fcheckouts%2F1f38
2d27a903ae4a9699ae2bf2153cfb says...

????? ??????? ?????

url=https://nosone.jp/pages/7/b_id=33/r_id=2/fid=bf3c06e389654e2
2b5b8da58fc6dff38 says...

???? ?????

url=https://intimshop.by/comments#comment_3197 says...
????? ??????? ?????? ?????????

url=https://floranova.in.ua/catalog/anne-boleyn-anna-bolejn/#comment-44059 says...
???????? ????? ???

url=https://agenturavia.eu/ic/akce/meziricska-muzejni-noc-2011 says...
????? ??????? ? ????

fc189cc
Reply hotell ett visby
3:35 AM on January 14, 2022 
you are really a good webmaster. The site loading pace is amazing. It seems that you're doing any distinctive trick. Also, The contents are masterwork. you have performed a wonderful job on this matter! hotell ett visby reast.prizsewoman.com/map8.php
Reply Michaelarrok
3:51 AM on January 10, 2022 
??????? ?????? https://davalka.pro/ ?????? ??????? ???????

????? ??????? ? ???????? https://davalka.pro/categories/%D0%9C%D0%B0%D1%81%D1%82%D1%80%D1%
83%D0%B1%D0%B0%D1%86%D0%B8%D1%8F/

url=https://www.freelancetosuccess.co.uk/the-importance-of-estab
lishing-kpis/ says...

????? ??????? ????? ?????

url=https://www.globeship.online/ticket/2040346788?token=ZjgzMTg
1NTZlNzMyNTZlM2Q5OGI5YjU5MWZmMzNiYWM%3D says...

????? ? ???? ??????? ??????

url=https://vabuta.com/gau-la-gi/#comment-2430 says...
?????? ????? ??? ?????

url=http://sapporopet.com/publics/index/5/b_id=9/r_id=1/fid=9a09
0bed0a0580e22fce14afb2b37a56 says...

????? ????? ???????? ?????

url=https://www.geartogo.co.uk/whirlpool-microwave-fan-wont-turn
-off-how-to-fix/#comment-1492 says...

??????? ????? ???? ? ???????

url=https://mesch.cafeblog.hu/page/2/?sharebyemailCimzett=milann
ahidorovenko%40gmail.com&sharebyemailFelado=milannahidorovenko%40
gmail.com&sharebyemailUzenet=%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B0%20%D0
%B4%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BA%D0%B0%20%D0%B8%D0%B7%20%D0%B1%D
0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%BE%20%20https%3A%2F%2Fdaval
ka.pro%2F%20%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BA%D0%B8%2013%20%20
%20%D1%81%D0%BA%D1%80%D1%8B%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%8F%20%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%B
C%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B0%20%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BA%D0%B0%
20%20https%3A%2F%2Fdavalka.pro%2Fcategories%2F%25D0%25A2%25D0%25B
E%25D0%25BB%25D1%2581%25D1%2582%25D1%2583%25D1%2588%25D0%25BA%25D
0%25B8%2F%20%20%3Ca%20href%3Dhttps%3A%2F%2F16722.diarynote.jp%2F2
00108090000000000%2F%3E%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B5%D1%82
%D1%8C%20%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%BE%20%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B
5%D0%BE%20%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B8%D0%B5%20%D0%B4%D0%
B5%D0%B2%D1%83%D1%88%D0%BA%D0%B8%3C%2Fa%3E%3Ca%20href%3Dhttps%3A%
2F%2Fremaxacpa.com.au%2F%3E%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%BE%20%D0%B
7%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8B%D0%B5%20%D0%BF%D1%8C%D1%8F%D0%BD%D1%8B%
D0%B5%3C%2Fa%3E%3Ca%20href%3Dhttps%3A%2F%2Fmagicruneshealer.com%2
Freviews-2%2F%23comment-1121%3E%D0%BA%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%
B2%D1%8B%D0%B5%20%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8B%D0%B5%20%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0
%B2%D1%83%D1%88%D0%BA%D0%B8%20%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%BE%20%D
0%B2%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BE%3C%2Fa%3E%3Ca%20href%3Dhttps%3A%2F%2
Fno-2cactus.blog.ss-blog.jp%2F2017-07-16%3Fcomment_success%3D2022
-01-10T09%3A33%3A28%26time%3D1641774808%3E%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%8
1%20%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BE%20%D0%B1%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%82%20%
D0%B8%20%D1%81%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B0%3C%2Fa%3E%3Ca%20href
%3Dhttps%3A%2F%2Fnaghshup.ir%2Fmulti-service%2FUX-ARCHIVE%2F%3E%D
0%B3%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8B%D0%B5%20%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%B2%D1%83%D1%88%D0%
BA%D0%B8%20%D1%81%20%D0%BA%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0
%B9%20%D0%B3%D1%80%D1%83%D0%B4%D1%8C%D1%8E%3C%2Fa%3E%3Ca%20href%3
Dhttp%3A%2F%2Fwww.artino.at%2FGuestbook%2Findex.php%3F%26mots_sea
rch%3D%26lang%3Dgerman%26skin%3D%26%26seeMess%3D1%26seeNotes%3D1%
26seeAdd%3D0%26code_erreur%3Df7qooHveGe%3E%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B
D%D0%BE%20%D1%80%D1%83%D1%81%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B5%20%D0%B7%D1%
80%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8B%D0%B5%20%D0%B4%D1%80%D1%83%D0%B3%3C%2Fa%3E%3
Ca%20href%3Dhttp%3A%2F%2Fwww.sem-tech.net%2Fforum%2Fviewtopic.php
%3Ff%3D15%26t%3D210%3E%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%BE%20%D0%B1%D0%
BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B8%D1%85%20%D1%81%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%BA
%20%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%85%D0%B0%D1%8E%D1%89%D0%B8%D1%85%D1%81%D
1%8F%3C%2Fa%3E%3Ca%20href%3Dhttp%3A%2F%2Fpneumamedic.infored.mx%2
F%3Fgb%3D1%23top%3E%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8B%D0%B9%20%D0%BC%D1%83%
D0%B6%D1%87%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0%20%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%85%D0%B0%D0
%B5%D1%82%20%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%83%D1%8E%20%D0%B6%D0%B5%D0%BD%D
1%89%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%83%3C%2Fa%3E%3Ca%20href%3Dhttps%3A%2F%2Fyonbl
og.com%2Fkaraoke-part-time-job-easy%2F%23comment-1110%3E%D0%B2%D0
%B8%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BE%D0%B7%D0%B0%D0%BF%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%B8%20%D0%B
4%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%88%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE%20%D0%BF%D0%BE%
D1%80%D0%BD%D0%BE%3C%2Fa%3E%3Ca%20href%3Dhttps%3A%2F%2Fselenagome
zmagyarorszag.eoldal.hu%2Fcikkek%2Fdalszovegek%2Fmagic.html%23blo
ck-comments%3E%D0%BA%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%B5%20
%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%BE%202%201%3C%2Fa%3E%20291eb4_%20&sha
rebyemailTitle=erettsegi%20talalkozo&sharebyemailUrl=https%3A%2F%
2Fmesch.cafeblog.hu%2F2008%2F05%2F13%2Ferettsegi-talalkozo%2F&sha
reByEmailSendEmail=Elkuld says...

?????????? ????? ??????? ???????

url=http://i636356o.bget.ru/index.php?topic=39178.new#new says...
???????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????

url=https://nyomplanet.com/blog/tips-for-wedding-food-service-pr
oviders says...

????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????

url=http://utsubukidouji.com/publics/index/3/b_id=7/r_id=1/fid=6
32712c7db86d4c325cae4c7a34a1345 says...

???????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ??????

url=http://thereceng.com/webboard/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=9410 says...
???????? ????? ???????

b222db3
Reply Infernomdr
8:09 PM on January 9, 2022 
?????? ???? ??????
Where is moderator??
??? ????? ?????
????? ??????.
url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YpAFl0_9skw says...
??????? ?????? ? ??? ? ?????????

url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YpAFl0_9skw says...
???????? ?????? ???

url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WM_Pv6TQKL8 says...
????????? ?????? ????????

url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WM_Pv6TQKL8 says...
???? ?????? ????????

url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YpAFl0_9skw says...
?????? ??? 2021
Reply Coomeetprils
8:35 AM on January 9, 2022 
?????? ????????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ? ???
url=https://coomeetchat.ru/ says...
???????? ????? ??? ???????????
.

? ????????? ????? ????????? ????????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ? ?????? ??????.

img says...
https://coomeetchat.ru/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/camtocam.jpg


???????? ???????? ? ????????? ?? Android ??? IOS.

??????: https://coomeetchat.ru/
Reply Barrynap
3:37 AM on January 9, 2022 
center says...
[b][url=https://vexproxy.com][img]https://i.ibb.co/dp8n7S1/final
22.png
?


VexProxy
/url says...
is a rotating IPV6, Residential, Mechanical proxy network which enables users to gather any details from the network using a merge of millions of proxies.
b says...
What are IPV6 proxies and what are they hand-me-down for?

An IPv6 representative is a plot or software that sits on the edge of a network to spell out IPv4 (Internet Protocol adaptation 4) to IPv6.
They're tipically employed on Captcha Solving, Google Crawling, Statistics Get-together, Figures Analyzing, Emulating Views.

b says...
What are rotating residential proxies?

A rotating or a Backconnect factor relies on an thorough network of proxies, rotating between them either periodically or randomly, consequently improved protecting your privacy and allowing to cause a high crowd of search requests. Your connection and IP is being rotated with every action you assume, which prevents evidence footprints, ensures adventitious shelter and put down ban-rate.
Spot more - https://VexProxy.com

b says...
What are mobile proxies?

A Portable agent network consists of real 3G/4G connections assigned to individuals past their ambulant carrier. Mobile proxies are the IPs of real-user devices, making them undetectable when worn correctly. There are sundry types of such proxies: Shared IPs and Absolute IPs.

Use coupon lex scripta 'statute law'
b says...
STARTUP
and pocket a
b says...
20% discount
on any of our products.
You can also benefit of a SELF-GOVERNED EFFORT on all of our "FREE-TRIAL" packages. This deal with is fully automated in place of any of our users.

Huge against Account management, Restricted issue releases, Buy experiment with and numbers of other tasks you authority over of.

Order here - https://VexProxy.com

We also proposal Breathe Chat Relief 7 days a week in at all events you suffer with any questions.

b says...
Starting Prices:

Residential: 2$ / 2 GB
IPv6: 1.5$ / Far-reaching
Transportable: 3$ / Wander of IPs

b says...
About Us

We are
b says...
VexProxy
, a brand with the origins in the Shared Kingdom. We plan for a high supply of proxies. Momentarily we submit 3 types of proxies (IPV6, Residential, Plastic). We resolution do our first-class to atone your remain on our website as enjoyable as possible.[/center]
Reply Georgetah
11:24 PM on January 8, 2022 
????? ???? ?????? https://stojak.club/ ??????? ????? ? ???????

????? ?????? ???? https://stojak.club/categories/%D0%A1%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BC%D0%
B0/

url=http://www.reparadordepc.com/index.php/2011/02/05/reparador-
de-pc/#comment-26987 says...

????????? ??????? ????? ?????

url=https://bwa-iraq.org/en/najat-project-activities-april/#comment-2132 says...
????? ????? ??????? ?????

url=http://fikapr.com/2019/02/hello-world/ says...
???? ????? ??????? ???????

url=http://wiskundeforum.nl/viewtopic.php?f=24&t=14919 says...
????????? ????? ???????? ???????

url=http://thefreedomtoday.com/2021/02/combating-woke-marxism-in
-britain-is-a-patriotic-duty/#comment-2847 says...

????? ??????? ????? ?????

url=https://fourgons.ch/dienstleistungen-ankauf.php says...
????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????????

url=https://avocatfrancophone.co.uk/2021/03/24/licences-de-parra
inage-sponsor-tier-2-tier-5/#comment-1638 says...

????? ???????? ?????? ??????

url=https://indiadreamholidays.in/places-to-visit-in-mauritius/#comment-367762 says...
???? ??????? ?????????

url=https://www.shareandco.fr/article/how-to-work-faster-and-sma
rter#comments says...

????? ???? ???????? ?????

url=https://www.ozopay.com/helpie_faq/what-kind-of-plugins-does-
ozopay-support/#comment-4499 says...

???? ???? ? ???

1b222db
Reply поÑ?но 2022
7:49 PM on January 1, 2022 
url=https://www.brazzer.tube/ says...
brazzers
url=https://www.xn--e1ajkcbbeefeaw.online/ says...
??????? ?????
url=https://www.xn--m1abbbg.love/ says...
?????
url=https://www.365redtube.com/ says...
redtube
url=https://www.666xnxx.com/ says...
xnxx
url=https://www.xn--e1aflf0a.video/ says...
?????
url=https://www.porn.enterprises/ says...
porn
url=https://www.brazzers.watch says...
brazzers
url=https://www.xn--80apgojn8e.video/ says...
???????
url=https://www.brazzer.sex/ says...
brazzers
url=https://www.pornovideo.watch/ says...
????? ?????
url=https://www.xn--h1agdbebej2bzej.watch/ says...
????? ??????
url=https://www.porno.computer/ says...
?????
url=https://www.seksvideo.watch/ says...
???? ?????
url=https://www.brazzer.porn/ says...
brazzers
url=https://www.porno.help/ says...
?????
url=https://www.porno-film.watch/ says...
????? ??????
url=https://www.porno.school/ says...
?????
url=https://ilove-pc.ru/ says...
?????
url=http://drochila.online/categories.html says...
?????
url=https://www.xn--e1anecbbegddnc4k.xn--80asehdb/ says...
???????? ?????
url=https://www.xvideo.porn/ says...
xvideos
url=https://www.xn--m1abbbg.photo/ says...
????? ????
url=https://www.xn--m1abbbg.name/ says...
?????
url=https://www.porno1.su/ says...
?????
url=https://www.xn--e1aktc.video/ says...
???? ?????
url=https://www.brazzers.mom says...
brazzers
url=https://www.xn--80azcdgto.online/ says...
???????
url=https://www.xn--80azcdgto.watch/ says...
???????
url=https://www.365pornhub.com/ says...
pornhub
url=https://www.666brazzers.com says...
brazzers
url=https://www.pornoanal.watch/ says...
????? ????
url=https://www.1brazzers.com says...
brazzers
url=https://www.xn--80ahid8a.video/ says...
?????
url=http://traher.online/seks/ says...
????
url=http://2porno.online/erotika/ says...
???????
url=https://www.xn--e1ajkcbbeefeaw.video/ says...
??????? ????? ?????
url=https://www.2brazzers.com says...
brazzers
url=https://www.brazzers.download says...
brazzers
url=http://zadrochi.net/zadrochi/brazzers/ says...
brazzers
url=https://www.porno.parts/ says...
?????
url=https://www.xn--m1abbbg.video/ says...
????? ?????
url=https://www.xxx.industries/ says...
xxx
url=https://www.seks.film/ says...
????
url=http://podrochi.online/categories.html says...
?????
url=https://www.porno.taxi/ says...
?????
?????
url=https://www.xn--e1afprfv.video/ says...
??????
url=https://www.seks.watch/ says...
????
url=https://xn--365-nedebej.sex/ says...
????? 365
url=https://xn--365-nedebej.lol/ says...
????? 365
url=https://www.xn--m1abbbg.chat/ says...
????? ???
url=http://zatrahal.online/seks/ says...
????
url=https://www.xn--c1aerl0e.video/ says...
?????
url=https://www.porn-spankbang.com/ says...
spankbang
url=https://www.russkoe-porno.video/ says...
??????? ????? ?????
url=https://www.porno.baby/ says...
?????
url=https://www.xn--b1aedkxfbebl.xn--80asehdb/ says...
????? ?????
url=https://www.brazzer.video/ says...
brazzers
url=https://www.brazzer.film/ says...
brazzers
url=https://www.365youporn.com/ says...
youporn
url=https://www.xn--m1abbbg.family/ says...
?????
url=https://www.pornofilm.watch/ says...
????? ??????
url=http://www.jetune.ru/ says...
?????
url=https://www.xvideo.win/ says...
xvideos
url=https://www.777brazzers.com says...
brazzers
url=https://www.xn--e1aktc.chat/ says...
???? ???
url=http://konchil.online/sex/ says...
????
url=https://www.1xhamster.com/ says...
xhamster
url=http://tytporno.online/xxx/brazzers/ says...
brazzers
url=https://www.xn--m1abbbg.sex/ says...
?????
url=https://www.brazzers.film says...
brazzers
url=https://www.erotika.video/ says...
???????
url=https://www.xn--h1aaf0ab0e.video/ says...
??????
url=https://www.porn-chaturbate.com/ says...
chaturbate
url=https://www.xn--e1aktc.photo/ says...
???? ????
url=https://www.xn--80aa7ag.video/ says...
????
url=https://www.xn--365-nedebej.xn--80asehdb/ says...
????? 365
url=https://www.xn--e1ajkcbbeefeaw.xn--80asehdb/ says...
??????? ????? ??????
Reply KenttWib
4:58 PM on January 1, 2022 
https://sobakatop.ru/ Best site about animals
Reply Quinnnal
11:35 PM on December 30, 2021 
??????? ????? ????? ????? https://russex.pro/ ????? ????? ??? ???????? ????????

????? ???? ????? https://russex.pro/categories/HD+%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%BE/

url=http://ilndaro.webpin.com/?gb=1#top says...
??????? ????? ?????

url=https://thpsyn.blog.ss-blog.jp/2017-03-18?comment_success=20
21-12-31T11:14:02&time=1640916842 says...

????? ??????? ????? ??????

url=https://meworld.eoldal.hu/cikkek/vendegkonyv.html#block-comments says...
??????? ??????? ????? ?????????

url=https://fdentertainment.uk/forums/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=6047 says...
?????? ??????? ?????

url=https://mindenjoamijo.eoldal.hu/cikkek/audi-a6.html#block-comments says...
????? ???? ??????? ????

url=https://rousernews.com/how-to-make-selfies-with-dorian-rossi
ni/#comment-3147 says...

??????? ???????? ????? ???????

url=http://therapsex.com/forums/topic/%d0%bf%d0%be%d1%80%d0%bd%d
0%be-%d1%84%d0%b8%d0%bb%d1%8c%d0%bc-%d1%81%d0%ba%d0%b0%d1%87%d0%b
0%d1%82%d1%8c-%d1%82%d0%be%d1%80%d1%80%d0%b5%d0%bd%d1%82-%d0%b1%d
0%b5%d1%81%d0%bf%d0%bb%d0%b0%d1%82%d0%bd/ says...

????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????????

url=https://1s-forum.fun/showthread.php/293492-%D0%A0%D1%97%D0%A
0%D1%95%D0%A1%D0%82%D0%A0%D0%85%D0%A0%D1%95-%D0%A0%D1%98%D0%A0%D1
%95%D0%A0%C2%BB%D0%A0%D1%95%D0%A0%D2%91%D0%A1%E2%80%B9%D0%A0%C2%B
5-69?p=672602#post672602 says...

????? ??????? 69

url=http://66.135.4.138/prediksi-togel-sydney-hari-ini/comment-p
age-215/#comment-10085 says...

???????? ????? ? ?? ????????

url=http://thedonkeydaily.com/2021/08/drug-dealing-bears-threate
n-hikers/#comment-487 says...

????? ??????? ??????

ccca71b
Reply KennethTaf
2:49 PM on December 29, 2021 
????? ???? ???????? https://online-porno.vip/ ????? ??????? ??????? ?????

??????? ???? ????? https://online-porno.vip/categories/%D0%91%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%8
8%D0%B8%D0%B5+%D0%A7%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8B/

url=https://jayrosegroup.com.au/employer-responsibilities/#comment-13621 says...
????? ?????

url=https://blog.ps-ito.com/article/424926589.html says...
????? ????? ????

url=https://olafetishes.com/2021/05/30/our-partners/#comment-304 says...
????? ???????? ????? ?????

url=https://iamthewaytruthandlife.org/forums/topic/%d0%bf%d0%be%
d1%80%d0%bd%d0%be-%d0%b7%d1%80%d0%b5%d0%bb%d1%8b%d1%85-%d0%b4%d0%
b0%d0%bc/ says...

????? ?????? ???

url=https://atl-sat.blog.ss-blog.jp/2014-02-28?comment_success=2
021-12-29T10:39:59&time=1640741999 says...

????? ?????? ????????? ??????

url=https://ysdf.jp/pages/3/b_id=7/r_id=1/fid=5a99fb1d5bfec4aeff
1f92ca1eec0d13 says...

????? ???????? ????? ??????

url=https://tffpf.blog.ss-blog.jp/2013-09-29?comment_success=202
1-12-28T12:40:44&time=1640662844 says...

??????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????

url=http://forum.digitallaado.com/showthread.php?tid=6367&pid=10
827#pid10827 says...

????? ??????? ???????

url=https://www.alloconcours.fr/gagner-huawei-mat-20-lite/?bs-co
mment-added=1#comment-92973 says...

????? ???? ???????

url=http://mitalpatel.me/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=9357 says...
???????? ???????? ????? ??????

e354ff2
Reply viagralas
10:23 AM on December 26, 2021 
when and how to take viagra viagra stuffy nose cure
Reply hydraruzxpnew4afFem
1:35 AM on December 21, 2021 
url=https://hydraruzxpnew4afonlon.com says...
[img]https://v3.hydraruzxpnew4fa.co/register.svg
/url says...
hydra tor onion - https://hydraruzxpnew4af.hydraruzxpnew4af.com.co - ????? site ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????, ?? ?????? ?? ????????, onion, ??????? ???????? ??? DDoS ????. ??????????? ??????? ???? v3.hydraruzxpnew4fa.co ??? ???????? ??????????? conversations ?????????? ? ????? TOR ? ???????? ???????? ???????. ????? hydraclubbioknikokex7njhwuahc2l67lfiz7z36md2jvopda7nchid ??????? ???????? ??? DDoS ????. ??????????? ??????? ???? v3.hydraruzxpnew4fa.co ??? ???????? ??????????? conversations ?????????? ? ????? TOR ? ???????? ???????? ???????. ????? hydraclubbioknikokex7njhwuahc2l67lfiz7z36md2jvopda7nchid thread ???? ?? ?????? ?????????, ??? ??????? mirror hydraruzxpnew4af ??????????, ?????? momental ???????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ??????? hydra4jpwhfx4mst HYDRA onion ????? ????????? ?????? ? ????????? ????? hydra ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ??-?? ??????? ????????. ????? ???????? ????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ?????. ??????? hydraruzxpnew4af.com.co ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ? ??????, ????? ??? ?????
[url=http://www.staartlicht.nl/portfolio/girls-only-april-2015/fo
to-1-1-2/#comment-78331]?????????? ?????? ?? ????? hydraruzxpnew4af 2021 hydra onion
url=https://chna-tattoo.webs.com/apps/guestbook/ says...
????? ????? hydra onion
url=https://advancedrpgaming.boards.net/thread/2827/disable-avat
ar?page=18#scrollTo=3655 says...

????? ??????????? 2022 ?????
89ccca7
Reply GeorgeUnlob
2:32 AM on December 20, 2021 
????? 1080 365 https://porno365xxx.club/ ????? 365 ????

????? 365 ???? https://porno365xxx.club/categories/brjunetki/

url=http://premiermotorstraining.com/event-single-img-5-550x550/
#comment-2393 says...

???? ????

url=https://www.el-agora.com/17/sejarah-museum-fatahillah/#comment-541 says...
????? ????? ?????? ???????

url=http://dostojnoest.by/2020/09/30/pokrov-presvjatoj-bogorodic
y/#comment-188 says...

????? ??????? ???

url=https://thebendelite.com/forum/news-politics/%d0%b3%d0%be%d0
%bb%d1%8b%d0%b5-%d0%b4%d0%b5%d0%b2%d1%83%d1%88%d0%ba%d0%b8-%d0%bd
%d0%b8%d0%b6%d0%bd%d0%b8%d0%b9/ says...

????? ??????? ??????

url=https://miyagidesign.blog.ss-blog.jp/2021-12-12?comment_succ
ess=2021-12-20T16:25:08&time=1639985108 says...

??????? ????? ????????

url=https://professionalprograms.umbc.edu/industrial-organizatio
nal-psychology/?tfa_next=%2Fforms%2Fview%2F83%2Fd7a715811dd30eea2
104c8c7adb58c5d%2F15009%26sid%3Db1d81ed0cbfc9f6814b62908183fe2f1 says...

?????? ??????? ????? ????????

url=http://augmentin.mex.tl/?gb=1#top says...
????? ?????? ???? ??????

url=https://nw-electric.way-nifty.com/blog/2021/10/post-5ab12f.h
tml says...

?????????? ????

url=https://coach1.mymoneypages.com/health-vitality/take-time-to
-work-on-you/#comment-17046 says...

????? ????? ???????

url=http://eqspert.ru/ob-yavleniya/ad/anons-treningov,5/georgera
g,1794 says...

????? ????? ????

3e6e354
Reply MichaelAment
3:32 AM on December 19, 2021 
???????? ?????????? https://porno-vyebal.top/ ?????????? ???????

????? ????? ?????????? https://porno-vyebal.top/categories/%D0%92+%D0%9A%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%
BA%D1%83/ ?????? ??????????

url=https://www.peceoseniory-ujezdubrna.cz/ceny-osetrovatelskych
-sluzeb#comment-38324 says...

???????? ????? ?????????????

url=https://hartvoormulticulturelezorg.nl/2020/11/30/praesent-su
scipit-m3/#comment-6873 says...

????? ?????? ????????? ???????

url=http://chenqing920.mex.tl/?gb=1#top says...
????? ?????? ??????? ???

url=http://www.piribauer.cc/guestbook/index.php?&mots_search=&la
ng=&skin=&test=&ok_post=1 says...

???????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????

url=https://www.trovaguidaturistica.it/dove-mangiare-a-varsavia/
#comment-157724 says...

??????? ????? ???????????

url=https://www.nritmedia.nl/kennisbank/38131/forum-reactie-en-t
egenreactie-op-de-verbetering-van-economische-impactanalyses/ says...

????? ??????? ????

url=https://sia.eoldal.hu/cikkek/vendegkonyv.html#block-comments says...
????? ???????? ????? ???????

url=https://kbi.media/email-impersonation-scams-phishing-what-yo
ur-staff-can-do/#comment-684 says...

??????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????

url=https://fiezabeautycosmetic.com/product/mandian-cherry-bloss
om/#comment-335 says...

???????? ????? ? ?????

url=https://www.astriddolivo.nl/uncategorized/hoe-werk-ik/#comment-1270614 says...
????? ????? ????????? ??????

2db3_5c
Reply Froriagah
1:58 PM on March 13, 2021 
https://gcialisk.com/ - buy liquid cialis online